Cardiothoracic-vascular surgery
The cardiothoracic-vascular surgery unit provides services both on an outpatient and inpatient basis and deals with all those diseases associated with the heart and with the vascular system that require surgery.
The diagnostic-therapeutic and care path consists of an initial consulting phase during which all the assessments necessary to define the patient’s state of health are performed. At the end of this phase, the specialist will be able to establish the most appropriate treatment for meeting the needs of the patient.
Several types of surgical activities are performed at the hospital:
  • Mini-invasive cardiac surgery for valve and coronary artery operations;
  • Myocardial revascularisation with arterial (left internal mammary artery, right internal mammary artery, radial artery) and venous (great saphenous vein) conduits;
  • The more frequent use of the mammary arteries alone produces a clinical benefit tied to the greater duration of the by-pass over time;
  • Mitral, aortic, tricuspid valve replacement and/or plastic & reconstructive surgery. Mechanical or biological prostheses are used in the event of replacement. Among the latter we find the new generation prostheses, which last longer and are much more similar to normal human anatomy and physiology, such as stentless prostheses and porcine roots, which include valve and aortic root;
  • Aortic root replacement;
  • Aortic arch replacement surgery;
  • Cardiac arrhythmia surgery (Atrial Fibrillation);
  • Heart failure surgery, which includes not only extreme surgical revascularisation, but also repair of the ischaemic mitral valve and left ventricular plastic & reconstructive surgery.
Vascular Surgery, including:
  • Thromboendarterectomy (TEA) of the carotid arteries
  • Thoracic aorta and abdominal aneurysmectomy
  • Lower limb revascularisation (aortobifemoral, femoropopliteal, femorofemoral, extraperitoneal iliofemoral, axillo-bifemoral by-passes) in saphenous vein and prostheses.
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